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Thursday, January 20, 2011

Introduction to HTML

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language, which is an application of Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). It is a simple language used to define and describe the layout of a web page. HTML also supports Multimedia and document links.

What is H T M L?

   Hyper is the opposite of linear. It used to be that computer programs had to move in a linear fashion. This before this, this before this, and so on. HTML does not hold to that pattern and allows the person viewing the World Wide Web page to go anywhere, any time they want.

  Text is what you will use. Real, honest to goodness English letters.

    Mark up is what you will do. You will write in plain English and then mark up what you wrote. More to come on that in the next Primer.

   Language because they needed something that started with "L" to finish HTML and Hypertext Markup Louie didn't flow correctly. Because it's a language, really -- but the language is plain English.


You will write the HTML document on the word processor, or Notepad, WordPad, or Simple Text. When you are finished creating the HTML document, you'll then open the document in a browser, like Netscape Navigator. The browser will interpret the HTML commands for you and display the Web page.

HTML documents must be text only. When you save an HTML document, you must save only the text, nothing else.



How To Name Your Document

What you name your document is very important. You must first give your document a name and then add a suffix to it. That's the way everything works in HTML. You give a name and then a suffix.

Follow this format to name your document:-

  1. Choose a name. Anything. If you have a PC not running Windows 95, you are limited to eight letters, however.

  1. Add a suffix. For all HTML documents, you will add either ".htm" or ".html".



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Points to remember


 HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language

 An HTML file is a text file containing small markup tags

 The markup tags tell the Web browser how to display the page

 An HTML file must have an htm or html file extension

An HTML file can be created using a simple text editor


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